During a power outage, you will still generate solar energy during the day to power your most needed lights and appliances. Any excess energy goes to the battery and will be used when the system is not producing enough solar energy, such as at night.1 You can buy up to seven batteries, each with a 13.5 kWh capacity.

Select the number of batteries below and the lights and appliances you would want to power to determine how long the battery system will last during a power outage. The below calculation is based on a 13.5 kWh usable capacity battery(s) charged to 100% when the power outage occurs. This does not factor any additional backup power you may receive from solar energy produced from your panels.

 

Number of Battery(s)

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7

Essential Lights & Appliances

Everyday Appliances

Additional Comforts
& Large Appliances

 

 

Protect Your Family From Power Outages

During a power outage, your solar-only system will not work unless you have a battery.

 

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Frequently Asked Questions


If your home solar system is tied to your utility (grid-tied) and you don’t have a battery, your home solar system will not work during a power outage. You will not be able to produce or consume solar energy while the grid is down.

The purpose of this tool is to provide a general sense of how various lights and appliances can affect how long a fully charged battery system will last during a grid outage. To calculate how many “days” your battery will last in an outage, we divide the energy storage capacity of the installed Powerwall(s) by the sum of all selected activities’ energy consumption.

While this tool provides generalized examples, your battery system’s longevity during an outage depends on the specific characteristics of your appliances, such as the brand, model, and condition.

Miscellaneous Standby Power By default, we assume here that plugged-in devices in the home collectively consume 1 kWh of “standby power” over the course of a day (e.g. always-on uses like a printer display or microwave clock).

During a power outage, you will still generate solar energy during the day to power your most needed lights and appliances. Any excess energy goes to the battery and will be used when the system is not producing enough solar energy , such as at night.1 A variety of factors impact how much energy your solar system will produce and how much will be stored in the battery. During sunny summer months, your system will produce more energy. On cloudy days, when snow is on your panels and just during the winter in general, your system will produce less. At night, your system won’t generate energy at all, but any energy stored in your battery will be used to power your home until it depletes.2 The amount of power available from the battery during a power outage is limited, depending on the loads connected, customer usage and battery configuration (i.e. batteries in certain areas may be set up to provide you with the best economic benefit, which may affect the amount of back-up power available). Solar systems and/or batteries may require repairs after weather events and such repairs may be delayed due to forces outside of our control. No assurances can be given that the solar system or the battery will always work. You should never rely upon either of these to power life support or other medical devices.

Battery: Battery(s) are charged to 100%. The above calculation is based on a battery with a 13.5 kWh capacity. Sunnova also offers batteries with a 9.3 kW capacity.
Ceiling fan: Run one ceiling fan for 8 hours (.28 kWh of energy).
Garage door opener: Use for up to 30 minutes total (.2 kWh of energy).
LED lightbulbs: Power 10 LED lights or 2 60-watt incandescent lightbulbs for 6 hours (.6 kWh of energy).
Refrigerator: Run one refrigerator for 24 hours (1.8 kWh of energy).
Wi-fi router: Keep one router on for 24 hours per day (uses .144kWh of energy).
Cell phone charger: Charge one cell phone for 4 hours per day (.02 kWh of energy).
Laptop charging: Charge one laptop for 4 hours per day (uses .1 kWh of energy).
LCD TV: Watch 6 hours of TV (.9 kWh of energy).
Cable box: Run one cable box for 6 hours (.84 kWh of energy).
DVD player: Watch a couple of movies for up to 6 hours (.102 kWh of energy).
Video game system: Play video games for 3 hours (.1 kWh of energy).
Coffee Maker: Brew 1-2 pots of coffee for up to 15 minutes (.25 kWh of energy).
Toaster: Make a few pieces of toast for up to 15 minutes (.275 kWh of energy).
Dishwasher: Run a load of dishes for a total of 3 hours (.99 kWh of energy)
Furnace: Run your furnace fan for 4 hours (1.2 kWh of energy)
Central A/C: Run one Central Air Conditioning for 4 hours (14 kWh of energy).
Window Unit A/C: Run one Window Air Conditioning for 4 hours (4 kWh of energy).
Washing Machine: Run a single load of clothes for up to 1 hour (.255 kWh of energy).
Electric dryer: Use one electric dryer for 1 hour per day (2.7 kWh of energy).
Water Heater: Run your water heater 4 hours per day (18 kWh of energy)
Microwave: Run your microwave 15 minutes per day (.3 kWh of energy)
Well Pump: Run your well pump 1 hour a day (.73 kWh of energy)
Pool Pump: Turn on one pool pump for 4 hours per day (4 kWh of energy).
Sump Pump: Run one 1/3 HP sump pump for 15 minutes every hour for 24 hours (.8 kWh of energy).

 

 

Sources: https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/maps/appliance-energy-calculator, http://energyusecalculator.com and https://www.donrowe.com/usage-chart-a/259.htm
Disclaimer: The amount of power available from the battery during a power outage is limited, depending on the loads connected, customer usage and battery configuration (i.e. batteries in certain areas may be set up to provide you with the best economic benefit, which may affect the amount of back-up power available). Solar systems and/or batteries may require repairs after weather events and such repairs may be delayed due to forces outside of our control. No assurances can be given that the solar system or the battery will always work. You should never rely upon either of these to power life support or other medical devices.